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Wikipedia:  Scale Harmony is the use and study of different pitches occurring simultaneously, and chords, actual or implied, in music


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Harmony: Websites:

Wikipedia: Harmony:

In music, harmony is the use of simultaneous pitches (tones, notes), or chords.[1] The study of harmony involves chords and their construction and chord progressions and the principles of connection that govern them.[2] Harmony is often said to refer to the "vertical" aspect of music, as distinguished from melodic line, or the "horizontal" aspect.[3] Counterpoint, which refers to the interweaving of melodic lines, and polyphony, which refers to the relationship of separate independent voices, are thus sometimes distinguished from harmony.

In popular and jazz harmony, chords are named by their root plus various terms and characters indicating their qualities. In many types of music, notably baroque, romantic, modern and jazz, chords are often augmented with "tensions". A tension is an additional chord member that creates a relatively dissonant interval in relation to the bass. Typically, in the classical common practice period a dissonant chord (chord with tension) "resolves" to a consonant chord. Harmonization usually sounds pleasant to the ear when there is a balance between the consonant and dissonant sounds. In simple words, that occurs when there is a balance between "tense" and "relaxed" moments.


This website summarises a new theory which explains how chord progression patterns create musical phrase structures in tonal (and tonally influenced) music, similar to sentence structures in natural language. It also explains the relationship between chord progressions and voice leading.

The site now includes full musical analyses which use the theory to explain the structure of whole musical compositions including the style, period and mood of the music.

The site includes Animated Demos, a Book Outline and an outline Thesis section which graphically illustrates the evidence for the theory. There is also a section on how chord progressions work in Pop and Rock Music and an example of how to harmonise a melody.

Music Awarenes .com

Harmony: Ear Taraining


Music Harmony Concepts: majoy and minor scales
Harmony in Jazz Improvisation


Jazz Harmony is a highly sophisticated harmonic idiom that incorporates traditional harmony as well as non-traditional techniques.   Similarities between jazz and traditional harmony include, notational techniques, many chord progressions, and many musical scales. Unlike traditional harmony, additional tensions are added to harmonic progressions.  In jazz, chord construction is similar to traditional harmony but includes the wider use of seventh chords as well as chords containing compound intervals. Also, the principles of voice leading, the practice of smoothly moving individual notes of one chord to another, are considerably different from traditional harmony.

Common Chord Progressions    -   Elements of Classic Hormony   -  

Music Theory @ Ascension Sounds

Triads and seventh chords   -   Diatonic Harmony   -  Basic roor position progressions    -   Building effective chord progressions   -  Using chord inversions in progressions   -   The V7 Chord   -   Other seventh chords   -   Chromatic Harmony   -  

iPub.com  |  Harmony Training for Musicians  |   Chapter 1 - Introduction  |  Chapter 2 - Melody Writing  |  Form  |  Chapter 3 - Vertical Structures  |  Low Interval Limits  |  Objectionable Motion  |  Chapter 5 - Root Position Primary Triads  |  Analysis and figured bass  |  Cadences  |  Chord Succession  |  Chapter 6 - Inversions of Primary Triads  |  Chord succession  |  Types of Second Inversions  |  Chapter 7 - Dominant Seventh Chord  |  Figured bass and doubling  |  Chapter 8 - Non-Harmonic Tones  |
Chromatic Passing Tone  |  Chromatically Altered Passing Tone  |  Lower Auxiliary  |  Cambiata  |  Anticipation  |  Simultaneous Non-Harmonic Tones  |  Chordal Sevenths  |
Chapter 9 - Secondary Triads  |  Leading tone triad  |  Submediant Triad  |  Mediant Triad  |  Chapter 1O - Diatonic Sevenths  |  Supertonic Seventh  |  Subdominant Seventh  |  Submediant Seventh  |  Tonic Seventh  |  Chapter 11 - Extensions on Diatonic Chords  |  Minor Ninth  |  Chapter 12 - Simple Modulation  |  Establishing Keys  |  Chapter 13 - Secondary Chords  |  Secondary Leading Tone chords  |  Chapter 14 - Borrowed Chords  |  Chapter 15 - Chromatic Alterations  |  Raised Root  |  Chapter 17 -
Neapolitan Sixth Chord  |  Chapter 18 - Advanced Modulation  |  Figured Bass  |

Chord House

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Harmony: Books:

Applied Harmony for the Adult Beginner by David Armstrong

Modern Harmonic Technique: The Advanced Materials of Harmony (20900) by Gordon Delamont

Total Harmony: With Introduction to Twentieth Century Music by Stefan Kostka

The Craft of Musical Composition: Theoretical Part - Book 1 (Tap/159) by Paul Hindemith

Harmony and Ear Training At The Keyboard by Stanley Shumway

Master Theory Beginning Theory (Book 1) by Charles S. Peters

Creative keyboard musicianship: Fundamentals of music and keyboard harmony through improvisation by Ruth Lloyd

Harmony and Voice Leading (3rd Edition) by Edward Aldwell

Reaching for the Uncommon Chord  |  Allan Holdsworth

Howard Hanson in Theory and Practice (Contributions to the Study of Music and Dance) by Allen Cohen

A Concentrated Course in Traditional Harmony: With Emphasis on Exercises and a Minimum of Rules, Book 1 Part 1 (Concentrated Course in
Traditional Harmony) by Paul Hindemith

Tonal Harmony for the Keyboard: With an Introduction to Improvisation by Gary E. Wittlich

Chord connections: A comprehensive guide to guitar chords and harmony by Robert Brown

Master Theory Beginning Theory (Book 1) by Charles S. Peters

Creating Four-Part Harmony by Lois Bock

Scales, Intervals, Keys, Triads, Rhythm, and Meter: A Programmed Course in Elementary Music Theory, With an Introduction to Partwriting
(Norton Programmed Texts in Music Theory) by John Clough

Music Ace 2 Educator Version, Hybrid CD-ROM

Structural Hearing: Tonal Coherence in Music (Two Volumes Bound As One) by Felix Salzer

The Songwriter's Workshop: Harmony by Jimmy Kachulis

Harmony: Fifth Edition by Walter Piston

Harmony by Heinrich Schenker

Modern Jazz Piano: A Study In Harmony And Improvisation by Brian Waite

Figured Harmony at the Keyboard: Part I ) by R.O. Morris

Understanding the Language of Music: A Drummer's Guide to Theory and Harmony by Ron Spagnardi

Harmony for a New Millennium: An Introduction to Metatonal Music by Randy Sandke

Creating Four-Part Harmony by Lois Bock

Schoenberg's Twelve-Tone Harmony: The Suite Op. 29 and the Compositional Sketches (Studies in Music, 49) by Martha Hyde

Harmonic Materials in Tonal Music a Programmed Course, Part 1/Bookand Cd by Paul O. Harder

Sound and Structure (Resources of Music Series) by John Paynter

Acoustical Perspective on Raga- Rasa Theory by Suvarnalata Rao

Connecting Chords with Linear Harmony

Harmony and Voice Leading (3rd Edition) by Edward Aldwell

Harmony in Context by Miguel Roig-Francoli

Harmonic Materials in Tonal Music: A Programed Course, Part I (9th Edition) by Greg A. Steinke

Theory of Harmony (California Library Reprint Series) by Arnold Schoenberg

Introduction to Post-Tonal Theory (3rd Edition) by Joseph N. Straus

Twentieth-Century Harmony: Creative Aspects and Practice by Vincent Persichetti

How Equal Temperament Ruined Harmony (and Why You Should Care) by Ross W. Duffin

Harmony and Theory: A Comprehensive Source for All Musicians (Essential Concepts (Musicians Institute).) by Keith Wyatt

Counterpoint in Composition by Felix Salzer

The Craft of Musical Composition: Theoretical Part - Book 1 (Tap/159) by Paul Hindemith

Tonal Harmony Wkbk with Wkbk Audio CD and Finale CD-ROM by Stefan Kostka

Theory Essentials, Volume I (with Audio CD): An Integrated Approach to Harmony, Ear Training, and Keyboard Skills by Connie E. Mayfield

Basic Harmonic Progressions: A Self-Instruction Program (Norton Programed Texts in Music Theory.) by John L. Clough

Indivisible by Four: A String Quartet in Pursuit of Harmony by Arnold Steinhardt

Theory Essentials: An Integrated Approach to Harmony, Ear Training, and Keyboard Skills, Volume II (with Audio CD) by Connie E. Mayfield

Contemporary Music Theory - Level One: A Complete Harmony and Theory Method for the Pop and Jazz Musician by Mark Harrison

The Practice of Harmony, Fifth Edition by Peter Spencer

Harmony Vocals: The Essential Guide (Private Lessons)

Music Notation (Berklee Guide) by Mark McGrain

Gradus I: An Integrated Approach to Harmony, Counterpoint, and Analysis by Leo Kraft

Structural Functions of Harmony by Arnold Schonberg

Jazz Piano and Harmony : A Fundamental Guide (Book & CD) by John M. Ferrara

Music and the Power of Sound: The Influence of Tuning and Interval on Consciousness by Alain Daniélou

The Songwriter's Workshop: Harmony by Jimmy Kachulis

Jazz Piano & Harmony : An Advanced Guide (w/CD) by John M. Ferrara

Jazz Improvisation 1: Tonal And Rhythmic Principles (Jazz Improvisation) by John Mehegan

Harmony by Heinrich Schenker

Treatise on Harmony by Jean-Philippe Rameau

Illegal Harmonies: Music in the 20th Century by Andrew Ford

Time for the Future: Polyrythm in Harmony by Brett Willmott

Modern Jazz Piano: A Study In Harmony And Improvisation by Brian Waite

The Cognition of Basic Musical Structures by David Temperley

Harmonic Overtones: Magical Vibrations in Voice and Music by Dick De Ruiter

Chord Progressions for Songwriters by Richard J. Scott

Harmonic Rhythm: Analysis and Interpretation by Joseph P. Swain

The Harmony of Bill Evans by Jack Reilly

Group Harmony: The Black Urban Roots of Rhythm & Blues by Stuart L. Goosman

Advanced Harmony: Theory and Practice with CD Package (5th Edition) by Robert W. Ottman

The Language of the Modes : Studies in the History of Polyphonic Modality (Criticism and Analysis of Early Music) by Wiering

Elements of the Jazz Language for the Developing Improvisor by Jerry Coker

Harmonic Function in Chromatic Music: A Renewed Dualist Theory and an Account of Its Precedents by Daniel Harrison

Bach: Chorale Harmonization and Instrumental Counterpoint by Malcolm Boyd

Theory & Harmony For The Contemporary Musician by Arnie Berle

Analyzing Bach Cantatas by Eric Chafe

Making Changes: A Practical Guide to Vernacular Harmony

Modal Music Composition: Expanded Edition by Stephen M. Cormier

20th-Century Microtonal Notation: (Contributions to the Study of Music and Dance) by Gardner Read

Haunschild : The New Harmony Book by Frank Haunschild

Figured Harmony at the Keyboard: Part I  by R.O. Morris

Harmony : Baroque to Contemporary, Part II by R. Evan Copley

The Classical Method: Piano Classical Improvisation & Compositional Theory And Harmony by Robert Kaye

The Style of Palestrina and the Dissonance (Dover Books on Music) by Knud Jeppesen

A Classical Approach to Jazz Piano: Exploring Harmony

A Player's Guide to Chords & Harmony: Music Theory for Real-World Musicians (Backbeat Music Essentials) by Jim Aikin

African Polyphony and Polyrhythm by Simha Arom

Harmony For Guitar (Guitar Magazine Project) by Lance Bosman

Harmony Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Rock, The: 7th Edition by Mike Clifford

Stylistic Harmony (Oxford Music Examination Workbooks) by Anna Butterworth

A History of 'Consonance' and 'Dissonance' A History of 'Consonance' and 'Dissonance' by J. Tenney

Jazz Harmony on the Guitar

Pierre Boulez (Contemporary Music Studies, Vol 2) by Lev Koblyakov

A New Approach to Keyboard Harmony by Allen Brings

Quartal Harmony & Voicings for Guitar by Tom Floyd

Harmony, Melody and Composition by Paul Sturman

Tone thinking and ear testing,: A work that directs the student in helping himself to develop discriminative hearing from the simplest beginning to difficult modulations and chromatic harmonies; by C. A Alchin

Two-part Harmony by Patrick Morley

Music for Advanced Study; A Source Book of Excerpts by Robert A Melcher

Jazz Arranging and Performance Practice by Paul E. Rinzler

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Harmony: Videos

Piano Theory Lesson   -   What Is A Progression?

danmansmusicschool·1,151 videos

Theory lesson. Discussing chord progressions and how they are used. Filmed in 2005. Dan Lefler, Danman's Music School. For the lesson notes and 1000's more piano lessons go to Danmans.com (file: 4148)

Harmony: Videos

Musicianship   -  Understanding Why Chords are Major and Minor

danmansmusicschool·1,151 videos

Theory/Technique lesson. Covers how to create basic major and minor triads with any note as the root. Filmed in 2005. Dan Lefler, Danman's Music School. For the lesson notes and 1000's more piano lessons go to Danmans.com (file: 4114)

Harmony: Videos

Rick Peckham – Guitar Chords – Berkleemusic Open House 

Rick is an internationally-known guitarist, clinician, composer, and writer. He’s also the Assistant Chair of Berklee College of Music’s Guitar Department, as well as a course author and instructor of several online guitar courses with Berkleemusic, including Guitar Chords 101 and Guitar Chords 201: Chord Melody and Inversions.

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